Friday, September 30, 2011

Friday! History, Music, Space, Cinema, Sports, Quotes, More!

On This Date In 1399 Henry Bolingbroke was proclaimed King Henry IV of England upon the abdication of King Richard II the day previous.
On This Date In 1776 In a letter to his nephew, Lund Washington, plantation manager of Mount Vernon, General George Washington wrote of his displeasure with the undisciplined conduct and poor battlefield performance of the American militia. Washington blamed the Patriot reliance on the militia as the chief root of his problems in the devastating loss of Long Island and Manhattan to the British.
On This Date In 1791 “The Magic Flute”, an opera in two acts composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart to a German libretto by Emanuel Schikaneder, premiered in Vienna at the suburban Freihaus-Theater auf der Wieden. Mozart conducted the orchestra, Schikaneder himself played Papageno, while the role of the Queen of the Night was sung by Mozart’s sister-in-law Josepha Hofer.
On This Date In 1847 Vermont Congressman George Perkins Marsh delivered a speech on agricultural conditions in New England to the Agricultural Society of Rutland County, Vermont. This powerful address gave voice to ideas which would become a catalytic force in the conservation movement.
On This Date In 1862 The First Battle of Newtonia was a battle of the American Civil War, occurring in Newton County, Missouri. Newtonia was one of the few battles during the Civil War in which Native Americans played a significant role on both sides. The 1862 Confederate victories in southwestern Missouri at Newtonia and Clark’s Mill were the South’s apogee in the area; afterwards, the only Confederates in the area belonged to raiding columns.
On This Date In 1868 The first volume of Louisa May Alcott’s beloved children’s book “Little Women” was published on this day. The novel would become Alcott’s first bestseller and a beloved children’s classic.
On This Date In 1882 The world’s first hydroelectric power plant began operation on the Fox River in Appleton, Wisconsin. The plant, later named the Appleton Edison Light Company, was initiated by Appleton paper manufacturer H.F. Rogers, who had been inspired by Thomas Edison’s plans for an electricity-producing station in New York.
On This Date In 1889 The Wyoming state convention approved a constitution that included a provision granting women the right to vote. Formally admitted into the union the following year, Wyoming thus became the first state in the history of the nation to allow its female citizens to vote.
On This Date In 1911 The dam of the Bayless Pulp and Paper Company burned, a mile and a half north of Austin, Pennsylvania, causing four hundred million five hundred thousand gallons of water to rush down upon the town. Between 850 and 1,000 persons were drowned or burned to death, and hundreds of others were believed to have been swept away by the great torrent.
On This Date In 1918 As Allied forces led by British General Edmund Allenby marched steadily toward Damascus, Turkish authorities abandon the city.
On This Date In 1918 President Woodrow Wilson gave a speech before Congress in support of guaranteeing women the right to vote. Although the House of Representatives had approved a 19th constitutional amendment giving women suffrage, the Senate had yet to vote on the measure.
On This Date In 1924 Truman Capote (September 30, 1924 - August 25, 1984) was born. He was an American writer whose short stories, novels, plays, and non-fiction are recognized literary classics, including the novella Breakfast at Tiffany’s (1958) and In Cold Blood (1966), which he labeled a “non-fiction novel”. At least 20 films and television dramas have been produced from Capote novels, stories and screenplays.
On This Date In 1927 Babe Ruth hit his 60th home run of the 1927 season, and with it set a record that would stand for 34 years.
On This Date In 1928 Eliezer “Elie” Wiesel, the human rights activist and Nobel Peace Prize-winning author of more than 50 books, including Night, an internationally acclaimed memoir based on his experiences as a prisoner in Nazi concentration camps during World War II, was born in Sighet, Transylvania (present-day Romania).
On This Date In 1936 Through October 6, 1936, the 1936 World Series matched the New York Yankees against the New York Giants, with the Yankees winning in six games to earn their fifth championship.
On This Date In 1938 The Munich Pact was an agreement permitting the Nazi German annexation of Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland. The Sudetenland were areas along Czech borders, mainly inhabited by ethnic Germans. The agreement was negotiated at a conference held in Munich, Germany, among the major powers of Europe without the presence of Czechoslovakia. Today, it is widely regarded as a failed act of appeasement toward Nazi Germany.
On This Date In 1942 Through October 5, 1942, the 1942 World Series featured the defending champion New York Yankees against the St. Louis Cardinals, with the Cardinals winning the Series in five games for their first championship since 1934 and their fourth overall.
On This Date In 1943 The fourth of the Four days of Naples took place, referring to the popular uprising in the Italian city of Naples between 27 and 30 September 1943 against the German forces occupying the city during World War II. The occupiers were forced out by the townsfolk and the Italian Resistance before the arrival of the first Allied forces in Naples on October 1, and for these actions the city was awarded the Gold Medal of Military Valor.
On This Date In 1947 Through October 6, 1947, the 1947 World Series matched the New York Yankees against the Brooklyn Dodgers, with the Yankees winning the Series in seven games for their first title since 1943, and the eleventh championship in team history. Yankees manager Bucky Harris won the Series for the first time since managing the Washington Senators to their only title in 1924.
On This Date In 1948 “Red River”, a Western film directed by Howard Hawks, giving a fictional account of the first cattle drive from Texas to Kansas along the Chisholm Trail, was released. The movie stars John Wayne, Montgomery Clift, Joanne Dru, Walter Brennan, Coleen Gray, Harry Carey, John Ireland, Hank Worden, Noah Beery Jr. and Harry Carey, Jr. Borden Chase wrote the script with Charles Schnee, based on Chase’s story, “The Chisholm Trail”.
On This Date In 1949 After 15 months and more than 250,000 flights, the Berlin Airlift officially came to an end. The airlift was one of the greatest logistical feats in modern history and was one of the crucial events of the early Cold War.
On This Date In 1954 The USS Nautilus, the world’s first nuclear submarine, was commissioned by the U.S. Navy, and later would first run under nuclear power on the morning of January 17, 1955.
On This Date In 1955 Movie star James Dean died at age 24 in a car crash on a California highway. Dean was driving his Porsche 550 Spyder, nicknamed “Little Bastard”, headed to a car race in Salinas, California, with his mechanic Rolf Wuetherich, when they were involved in a head-on collision with a car driven by a 23-year-old college student named Donald Turnaspeed. Dean was taken to Paso Robles War Memorial Hospital, where he was pronounced dead at 5:59 p.m. Wuetherich, who was thrown from the car, survived the accident and Turnaspeed escaped with minor injuries. No charges were ever filed against him.
On This Date In 1962 In Oxford, Mississippi, James H. Meredith, an African American, was escorted onto the University of Mississippi campus by U.S. Marshals, setting off a deadly riot. Two men were killed before the racial violence was quelled by more than 3,000 federal soldiers. The next day, Meredith successfully enrolled and began to attend classes amid continuing disruption.
On This Date In 1968 Apparently trying to distance himself from President Lyndon Baines Johnson’s policies, Democratic presidential candidate Hubert Humphrey announced that, if elected, he would halt the bombing of North Vietnan if there was any “evidence, direct or indirect, by deed or word, of communist willingness” to restore the Demilitarized Zone between North and South Vietnam. Also on this day in Vietnam: The 900th US aircraft is shot down over the North and the USS New Jersey, the world’s only active battleship, arrived in Vietnamese waters and began bombarding the Demilitarized Zone from her station off the Vietnamese coast.
On This Date In 1970 The Toll Booth Patent was issued. A series of two consecutive toll booths along a single lane of access and exit, with toll-due sign, the toll-receiving receptacle, the toll-booth treadle, information and direction signs, thank you signs, … !
On This Date In 1975 Malév Flight 240, a Tupolev Tu-154 tri-motor jetliner of Malév Hungarian Airlines, which was flying on the Budapest to Beirut regular route, crashed near the Lebanese shoreline. All 50 passengers and 10 crew on board died. No official statement was ever made on the crash and its cause has never been publicly revealed.
On This Date In 1984 Michael Atwater “Mike” Witt, a former pitcher in Major League Baseball, played for the California Angels in 1984 when he pitched the 11th perfect game in baseball history against the Texas Rangers. He struck out ten and needed just 94 pitches to complete the gem.
On This Date In 1985 “Soul to Soul”, the third studio album by American blues rock band Stevie Ray Vaughan and Double Trouble, was released by Epic Records. Recording sessions took place between March and May 1985 at the Dallas Sound Lab in Dallas, Texas.
On This Date In 1988 “Forbidden Evil”, the debut album from San Francisco, California thrash metal band, Forbidden, was released. The title of this album refers to their original name before shortening it to Forbidden in 1987. The album was well received by both critics and fans and eventually became a cult classic.
On This Date In 1996 “The Graveyard”, a concept album by King Diamond, was released. This was also the first album by King Diamond to be featured on the Massacre Records label. The album was remastered by Andy LaRocque and was re-released in 2009.
On This Date In 1997 “From the Underground and Below”, the ninth studio album by the thrash metal band Overkill, was released by CMC International. Two cover songs were recorded during these sessions; “No Feelings” by Sex Pistols and “Space Truckin’” by Deep Purple.
On This Date In 1999 Large doses of radiation were released at Japan’s Tokaimura nuclear plant. It was Japan’s worst nuclear accident to that date, caused by a serious error made by workers at the plant. One person was killed, 49 were injured and thousands of others were forcibly confined to their homes for several days.
On This Date In 2002 “Forty Licks”, a double compilation album by The Rolling Stones, was released. A 40-year career-spanning retrospective, Forty Licks is notable for being the first retrospective to combine the band’s formative Decca/London era of the 1960s, now licensed by ABKCO Records (on disc one), with their self-owned post-1970 material, distributed at the time by Virgin/EMI but now distributed by Universal Music Group (on disc two). Concurrently with the album’s release, The Rolling Stones embarked on the successful, year-long international Licks Tour, which would result in Live Licks in 2004. Distributed by Virgin Records, this album is now out of print.
On This Date In 2003 “Through the Wire”, the debut single performed by rapper Kanye West, was released as the lead single from his debut album The College Dropout (2004). It peaked at number fifteen on the Billboard Hot 100. The song, which samples Chaka Khan’s 1985 single “Through the Fire”, received positive reviews from music critics.
On This Date In 2005 “Capote”, a biographical film about Truman Capote, was released. It follows the events during the writing of Capote’s non-fiction book In Cold Blood. Philip Seymour Hoffman won several awards, including the Academy Award for Best Actor, for his critically acclaimed portrayal of the title role. The movie itself was based on the biography called Capote by Gerald Clarke. The movie was filmed mostly in Manitoba, in the autumn of 2004, and was released to coincide with what would have been Truman Capote’s 81st birthday.
On This Date In 2007 Brett Favre became the NFL’s all-time passing touchdown leader with his record-breaking 421st career touchdown pass to Greg Jennings, breaking Dan Marino’s career record in a Green Bay Packers’ 23-16 victory over the Minnesota Vikings.
On This Date In 2008 A human stampede occurred at the Chamunda Devi temple in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India, in which 249 people were killed and more than 400 were injured. The 15th-century temple is dedicated to the goddess Chamunda Devi and is located within the premises of Mehrangarh Fort. About 25,000 Hindu pilgrims were visiting the temple to mark the first day of the nine day long Navratri, a major festival in Hinduism dedicated to Goddess worship and celebrated across the world.
On This Date In 2008 “Lovebug”, the second official single by the American pop band the Jonas Brothers, was released from their third studio album, A Little Bit Longer.
On This Date In 2009 The Supreme Court set the stage for a historic ruling on gun rights and the 2nd Amendment by agreeing to hear a challenge to Chicago’s ban on handguns.
On This Date In 2009 The Chicago 2016 Olympic Bid Team traveled to Copenhagen to lobby the International Olympic Committee.
On This Date In 2009 The Grateful Dead Archive has taken another step in its long strange trip, courtesy of the U.S. taxpayer, from the UC Santa Cruz library to its own Web site, The Virtual Terrapin Station. …
On This Date In 2009 The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced the arrival of the H1N1 Flu Vaccine amid fears of side-effects.

Happy Birthday Elie Wiesel (1928), Angie Dickinson (1931), Johnny Mathis (1935), Ian Ogilvy (1943), Victoria Tennant (1950), Al Leong (1952), Gladys Portugues (1957), Fran Drescher (1957), Debrah Farentino (1959), Crystal Bernard (1961), Eric Stoltz (1961), Monica Bellucci (1964), Andrea Roth (1967), Tony Hale (1970), Jenna Elfman (1971), Daniel Wu (1974), Maia Brewton (1977), Martina Hingis (1980), Cecelia Ahern (1981), Michelle Marsh (1982), Lacey Chabert (1982), Kieran Culkin (1982), Adam Jones (1983), and Stacy Long (1985).

RIP John Browning (1855 – 1926), Hans Geiger (1882 – 1945), Buddy Rich (1917 – 1987), Deborah Kerr (1921 – 2007), Truman Capote (1924- 1984), Hector Lavoe (1946 – 1993), Marc Bolan (1947 – 1977), and Jack Wild (1952 – 2006).


You will find as you look back upon your life that the moments when you have really lived are the moments when you have done things in the spirit of love. Henry Drummond

To love at all is to be vulnerable. Love anything, and your heart will certainly be wrung and possibly broken. If you want to make sure of keeping it intact, you must give your heart to no one, not even to an animal. Wrap it carefully round with hobbies and little luxuries; avoid all entanglements; lock it up safe in the casket or coffin of your selfishness. But in that casket- safe, dark, motionless, airless--it will change. It will not be broken; it will become unbreakable, impenetrable, irredeemable. C.S. Lewis

If you will call your troubles experiences, and remember that every experience develops some latent force within you, you will grow vigorous and happy, however adverse your circumstances may seem to be. John Heywood

Support the strong, give courage to the timid, remind the indifferent, and warn the opposed. Whitney M. Young, Jr.

I may be strong-minded, but no one can say I'm out of my sphere now, for woman’s special mission is supposed to be drying tears and bearing burdens. Louisa May Alcott

Faith is not a notion, but a real strong essential hunger, an attracting or magnetic desire of Christ, which as it proceeds from a seed of the divine nature in us, so it attracts and unites with its like. William Law

Courtesy YouTube et al

The Shatner Project cameras go into the studio as William Shatner lays down the final vocals on his Iron Man rendition for his new album "Seeking Major Tom" from Cleopatra Records. Pre-order Seeking Major Tom on Amazon here:

The planet closest to the Sun has a magnetosphere like the Earth, but at its poles, the Sun's powerful force takes it toll by super charging sodium and oxygen particles and blasting them into space. NASA's MESSENGER probe weathers the storm. Credit: / NASA / University of Michigan / Music: Atom Strange and John Serrie

Israel Defense Forces ;
Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs ;
Israel Citizens Information Council ;
Myths and Facts

Frank and Louie the cat, was born with two faces, two mouths, three eyes, and lots of doubts about his future. Twelve years after Marty Stevens rescued him from being put down because of his condition, the exotic blue-eyed rag doll cat is not only thriving but has made it into the 2012 Guinness Book of World Records. He's the longest surviving member of a group known as Janus cats, named for the Roman god of transitions, who has two faces.

Writing has laws of perspective, of light and shade just as painting does, or music. If you are born knowing them, fine. If not, learn them. Then rearrange the rules to suit yourself.
Truman Capote

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