Friday, August 5, 2011

Friday! History, Music, Cinema, Sports, Space, Quotes, More!

On This Date In 1775 The Spanish ship San Carlos, commanded by Juan Manuel de Ayala, entered what would soon be called San Francisco Bay. Unnoticed by such early naval explorers as Sir Francis Drake and SebastiƔn Vizcaƭno, the bay had been sighted by land during a Spanish scouting expedition six years earlier.
On This Date In 1858 Julia Archibald Holmes became the first woman on record to reach the summit of Pikes Peak (Colorado). She, her husband James Holmes, and two others began their trek on August 1. For the ascent, Julia Holmes wore what she called her “American costume” - a short dress, bloomers, moccasins, and a hat.
On This Date In 1858 After several unsuccessful attempts, the first telegraph line across the Atlantic Ocean was completed, a feat accomplished largely through the efforts of American merchant Cyrus West Field.
On This Date In 1861 An American Civil War skirmish, The Battle of Athens, took place in northeast Missouri near present Revere and southeast Iowa along the Des Moines River across from Croton. The Union victory has the distinction of being the most northerly of Civil War Battles fought west of the Mississippi, and also of being the only such battle fought along the Iowa border.
On This Date In 1861 Presdident Abraham Lincoln imposed the first federal income tax by signing the Revenue Act. Strapped for cash with which to pursue the Civil War, Lincoln and Congress agreed to impose a 3 percent tax on annual incomes over $800.
On This Date In 1864 At the Battle of Mobile Bay, Union Admiral David Farragut lead his flotilla through the Confederate defenses at Mobile, Alabama, to seal one of the last major Southern ports. The fall of Mobile Bay was a huge blow to the Confederacy, and the victory was the first in a series of Yankee successes that helped secure the re-election of Abraham Lincoln later that year.
On This Date In 1914 The German army launched its assault on the city of Liege in Belgium, violating the Belgium’s neutrality and beginning the first battle of World War I.
On This Date In 1914 The world’s first electric traffic signal was put into place on the corner of Euclid Avenue and East 105th Street in Cleveland, Ohio.
On This Date In 1915 The 1915 Galveston Hurricane was a deadly hurricane that struck Leeward Islands, Hispanola, Cuba and Texas, in mid August of the 1915 Atlantic hurricane season. The storm caused a great deal of destruction in its path, leaving 275-400 people dead and $50 million dollars (1915 USD, $921 million 2005 USD) in damage.
On This Date In 1944 Polish insurgents liberated a German forced-labor camp in Warsaw, freeing 348 Jewish prisoners, who joined in a general uprising against the German occupiers of the city.
On This Date In 1944 The Wola massacre (August 5-August 8, 1944 in Wola, Warsaw) was the scene of the largest single massacre in the history of Poland. According to different sources, some 40,000 to 100,000 Polish civilians and POWs were killed by the German forces during their suppression of the Warsaw Uprising.
On This Date In 1945 Nat Jaffe (January 1, 1918-August 5, 1945) died as a result of complications from high blood pressure at the age of 27. He was an American swing jazz pianist and was married to singer Shirley Lloyd.
On This Date In 1949 Ambato was completely destroyed by a 6.7-magnitude earthquake. Tragically, the entire Equadorean city and surrounding villages were reduced to rubble; in total 50 towns and villages were destroyed. 6000 people died, 20000 injured, and thousands more were left homeless and destitute by the disaster.
On This Date In 1953 Texas Ranger Ira Aten, one of the last survivors of the days of the Wild West, died at his home in Burlingame, California, at the age of 89.
On This Date In 1953 “From Here to Eternity”, a drama film based on the novel of the same name by James Jones, was released. It deals with the troubles of soldiers, played by Burt Lancaster, Montgomery Clift, Frank Sinatra, and Ernest Borgnine stationed on Hawaii in the months leading up to the attack on Pearl Harbor. Deborah Kerr and Donna Reed portrayed the women in their lives. The film won eight Academy Awards out of 13 nominations, including Best Picture, Best Director (Fred Zinnemann), Best Writing, Adapted Screenplay, Best Supporting Actor (Sinatra), and Best Supporting Actress (Reed).
On This Date In 1957 Dick Clark’s iconic show, American Bandstand, began broadcasting nationally, beaming images of clean-cut, average teenagers dancing to the not-so-clean-cut Jerry Lee Lewis’ “Whole Lotta Shakin’ Goin’ On” to 67 ABC affiliates across the nation.
On This Date In 1962 LAPD police sergeant Jack Clemmons received a call at 4:25 a.m. from Dr. Ralph Greenson, Marilyn Monroe’s psychiatrist, proclaiming that Monroe was found dead at her home in Brentwood, Los Angeles, California. She was 36 years old. There has been some speculation over the years that she may have been murdered, but it was officially ruled as a drug overdose.
On This Date In 1962 Nelson Mandela was arrested after living on the run for seventeen months and was imprisoned in the Johannesburg Fort. According to William Blum, a former U.S. State Department employee, the CIA tipped off the police as to Mandela’s whereabouts.
On This Date In 1963 Representatives of the United States, the Soviet Union, and Great Britain signed the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, which prohibited the testing of nuclear weapons in outer space, underwater, or in the atmosphere. The treaty was hailed as an important first step toward the control of nuclear weapons.
On This Date In 1964 U.S. Navy flies retaliatory strikes against North Vietnamese coastal targets as part of Operation Pierce Arrow in retaliation for the Tonkin Gulf incidents of August 2 and 4. The U.S. warplanes destroyed or damaged 25 North Vietnamese PT boats (claimed by U.S. officials to be about one-half of the North Vietnamese Navy) at bases at Hon Gai, Loc Ghao, Phuc Loi, and Quang Khe; destroyed seven anti-aircraft installations at Vinh; and severely damaged an oil storage depot at Phuc Loi. Two U.S. planes were shot down. One pilot, Lieutenant j.g. (or “junior grade”) Everett Alvarez, parachuted to safety, but broke his back in the process and was taken prisoner by the North Vietnamese. He was the first of some 600 U.S. airmen who would be captured during the war and not released until the cease-fire agreement was signed in 1973.
On This Date In 1966 “Revolver”, the seventh album by The Beatles, was released. It was released before the Beatles’ last tour in August 1966, and reached #1 on both the UK chart and U.S. chart and stayed at the top spot for seven weeks and six weeks, respectively.
On This Date In 1967 “The Piper at the Gates of Dawn”, Pink Floyd's debut album and the only one made under Syd Barrett's leadership - although he made some contributions to the follow-up, A Saucerful of Secrets - was released. The album was initially released in 1967 by Columbia/EMI in the United Kingdom and Tower/Capitol in the United States; special limited editions were issued to mark its 30th and 40th anniversaries in 1997 and 2007.
On This Date In 1968 Reagan announced his candidacy for the presidential nomination at the Miami Republican Convention.
On This Date In 1974 The U.S. Congress placed a $1 billion ceiling on military aid to South Vietnam for fiscal year 1974. This figure was trimmed further to $700 million by August 11. Military aid to South Vietnam in fiscal year 1973 was $2.8 billion; in 1975 it would be cut to $300 million. Once aid was cut, it took the North Vietnamese only 55 days to defeat the South Vietnamese forces when they launched their final offensive in 1975.
On This Date In 1976 The National Basketball Association (NBA) merged with its rival, the American Basketball Association (ABA), and took on the ABA’s four most successful franchises: the Denver Nuggets, the Indiana Pacers, the New York (later New Jersey) Nets and the San Antonio Spurs.
On This Date In 1981 President Ronald Reagan began firing 11,359 air-traffic controllers striking in violation of his order for them to return to work. The executive action, regarded as extreme by many, significantly slowed air travel for months.
On This Date In 1983 “Risky Business”, a comedy-drama film written by Paul Brickman in his directorial debut, was released. It is best known for being the film that launched Tom Cruise to stardom. The film also stars Rebecca De Mornay as Lana and Joe Pantoliano as Guido. It features Curtis Armstrong as Miles, Richard Masur as Rutherford, the Princeton University interviewer, and Bronson Pinchot as Barry.
On This Date In 1994 “Airheads”, an American heavy metal crime comedy film written by Rich Wilkes and directed by Michael Lehmann, was released. It stars Brendan Fraser, Adam Sandler, and Steve Buscemi.
On This Date In 1998 Marie Noe, age 70, was arrested at her Philadelphia home and charged in the smothering deaths of eight of her children, who died between 1949 and 1968.
On This Date In 2002 “In My Place”, a single by English alternative rock band Coldplay, was released. The song was written collaboratively by all the band members for their second album, A Rush of Blood to the Head. It was released as the lead single from A Rush of Blood to the Head and reached number two in the UK Singles Charts. The song reached number seventeen on Billboard’s Modern Rock Tracks.
On This Date In 2002 The rusty iron gun turret of the U.S.S. Monitor broke from the water and into the daylight for the first time in 140 years. The ironclad warship was raised from the floor of the Atlantic, where it had rested since it went down in a storm off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, during the Civil War. Divers had been working for six weeks to bring it to the surface.
On This Date In 2009 With his adversaries shunning the ceremony and with security forces on the streets, President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was sworn into office for a second term almost two months after elections that divided the nation and sparked Iran’s deepest crisis since the Islamic Revolution 30 years ago.
On This Date In 2009 American journalists held captive in North Korea arrived in the United States accompanied by former President Bill Clinton.
On This Date In 2009 “Harry Patch (In Memory Of)” is a song by English alternative rock band Radiohead, was released. The band wrote and recorded the song as a tribute to the British supercentenarian Harry Patch, who was the last surviving soldier to have fought in the trenches during World War I. The song was self-released as a downloadable single and sold for £1 from the band’s website, with all proceeds donated to The Royal British Legion.
On This Date In 2010 With its well-killing effort reported to be going “extremely well”, BP began to pour cement on top of the 2,300 barrels of heavy drilling mud already sent down the Macondo well in the Gulf of Mexico. The mud drove oil back into the reservoir in an operation known as a “static kill”.

Happy Birthday Neil Armstrong (1930), John Saxon (1936), Gordon Johncock (1937), Roman Gabriel (1940), Wendell Hayes (1940), Loni Anderson (1945), Jo Collins (1945), Carole Laure (1951), Chip Fields (1951), Maureen McCormick (1956), Pete Burns (1959), Pat Smear (1959), Heidi Sorenson (1960), Tawny Kitaen (1961), Patrick Ewing (1962), Jonathan Silverman (1966), Evil Jared Hasselhoff (1971), Mariela Ortiz (1976), Paula Creamer (1986),

RIP Johann Friedrich Struensee (1737 – 1772), Joseph “John” Merrick (1862 – 1890), Naum Gabo (1890 – 1977), Joan Hickson (1906 – 1998), John Huston (1906 – 1987), Parley Baer (1914 – 2002), Peter Viereck (1916 – 2006), Mickey Shaughnessy (1920 – 1985), Colin McRae (1968 – 2007),


Character cannot be developed in ease and quiet. Only through experiences of trial and suffering can the soul be strengthened, vision cleared, ambition inspired and success achieved. Helen Keller

Love is the voice under all silences, the hope which has no opposite in fear; the strength so strong mere force is feebleness: the truth more first than sun, more last than star… E.E. Cummings

Only one who devotes himself to a cause with his whole strength and soul can be a true master. For this reason mastery demands all of a person. Albert Einstein

He sends a cross, but He also sends the strength to bear it. Leo Nikolaevich Tolstoy

The strength of the Constitution lies entirely in the determination of each citizen to defend it. Only if every single citizen feels duty bound to do his share in this defense are the constitutional rights secure. Albert Einstein

Courtesy YouTube et al

Opening to the public on June 2nd, the first ever exhibition to participate in the World Science Festival, Science Gallery,Trinity College Dublin, presents BIORHYTHM: MUSIC AND THE BODY which will run at Eyebeam Art + Technology Center until August 6th. Visit, and for more!

HiRISE principal investigator Alfred McEwen, discusses images that depict strong evidence of flowing water on Mars. Follow UFOs and Alien Life on Twitter @
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Mars may have flowing saltwater, study says-
NASA discovers evidence of flowing water on Mars-

Here at YouTube we love putting you in the front row of amazing concert experiences, from Coachella to Jane’s Addiction. Starting at 11:30am PT today we’ll be livestreaming the 20th anniversary Lollapalooza music festival with dozens of the best performances, brought to you by Dell and AMD. We’ll also have a host of your favorite YouTube stars on location, reporting behind-the-scenes throughout the weekend.

If you're respectful by habit, constantly honoring the worthy, four things increase:
long life, beauty, happiness, strength.

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