Friday, June 17, 2011

Friday! History, Remembrance, Quotes, and More!

On This Date In 1579 During his circumnavigation of the world, English seaman Francis Drake anchored in a harbor just north of present-day San Francisco, California, and claimed the territory for Queen Elizabeth I, calling the land “Nova Albion”.
On This Date In 1775 The Battle of Bunker Hill took place, mostly on and around Breed's Hill, during the Siege of Boston early in the American Revolutionary War. The battle is named after the adjacent Bunker Hill, which was peripherally involved in the battle and was the original objective of both colonial and British troops, and is occasionally referred to as the “Battle of Breed's Hill.” Though an eventual British victory, the casualty count was the highest suffered by the British in any single encounter during the entire war.
On This Date In 1835 Jefferson Davis married Sarah Knox Taylor, the daughter of future president Zachary Taylor. Sarah died three months later after both contracted malaria.
On This Date In 1861 The First Battle of Boonville, a minor skirmish of the American Civil War, took place, establishing Union control over the Missouri River. This action helped to thwart efforts to bring Missouri into the Confederacy.
On This Date In 1863 Through June 19, the Battle of Middleburg took in Loudoun County, Virginia, as part of the Gettysburg Campaign of the American Civil War.
On This Date In 1871 Poet, diplomat, songwriter, and anthologist of black culture James Weldon Johnson was born in Jacksonville, Florida.
On This Date In 1876 Sioux and Cheyenne Indians scored a tactical victory over General Crook's forces at the Battle of the Rosebud, foreshadowing the disaster of the Battle of Little Big Horn eight days later.
On This Date In 1880 John Montgomery Ward (March 3, 1860 - March 4, 1925) became only the second man in history to pitch a perfect game, defeating future Hall of Famer Pud Galvin 5-0. Lee Richmond had thrown baseball's first perfect game just five days before, on June 12. The next perfect game? 84 years later, Jim Bunning in 1964.
On This Date In 1885 The Statue of Liberty, a gift of friendship from the people of France to the people of the United States, arrived in New York City's harbor.
On This Date In 1917 Sabarmati Ashram was established by Mahatma Ghandi. This ashram is now converted into the national monument by the Government of India due to its significance in Indian independence movement in the form of Dandi March in 1930.
On This Date In 1917 “The Immigrant” (also called Broke), a 1917 short comedy film starring the Charlie Chaplin Tramp character, was released. Written and directed by Chaplin, it also starred Edna Purviance and Eric Campbell.
On This Date In 1917 The Corpo Expedicionario Portugues (CEP), or Portuguese Expeditionary Corps, went into action for the first time in World War I, on the battlefields of Flanders on the Western Front.
On This Date In 1928 Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean as a passenger and as a pilot.
On This Date In 1940 The RMS Lancastria, a British Cunard liner, was sunk during World War II with the loss of an estimated 4,000 lives. It is the worst single loss of life in British maritime history and the bloodiest single engagement for UK forces (in terms of lives lost), in the whole conflict and claimed more lives than the combined losses of the Titanic and Lusitania.
On This Date In 1940 With Paris fallen and the German conquest of France reaching its conclusion, Marshal Henri Petain replaced Paul Reynaud as prime minister and announced his intention to sign an armistice with the Nazis.
On This Date In 1953 “Pickup on South Street”, writer-director Samuel Fuller's 1953 film noir, was released by the 20th Century Fox studio. The film starred Richard Widmark, Jean Peters and Thelma Ritter.
On This Date In 1953 The Soviet Union ordered an entire armored division of its troops into East Berlin to crush a rebellion by East German workers and antigovernment protesters.
On This Date In 1954 Rocky Marciano successfully defended his heavyweight title against Ezzard Charles at Yankee Stadium in the Bronx. It was Marciano’s 47th consecutive victory. Rocky Marciano is the only man to retire as an undefeated heavyweight champion. He was 49-0 for his career.
On This Date In 1958 The Second Narrows Bridge, being built to connect eastern and northern Vancouver in western Canada collapsed, killing 59 workers. It would later be named Ironworkers Memorial Bridge to commemorate the people who lost their lives during its construction.
On This Date In 1961 “Something For Everybody”, the thirteenth album by Elvis Presley, was released on RCA Victor in mono and stereo.
On This Date In 1962 Brazil defeated Czechoslovakia to win their second consecutive FIFA World Cup Championship, with a score of 3-1.
On This Date In 1969 “From Elvis in Memphis”, the thirty-fourth album by Elvis Presley, not counting budget compilations on the RCA Camden subsidiary, was released on RCA Records.
On This Date In 1972 The arrest of five men who broke into the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Washington D.C. Watergate complex took place, and led to a series of political scandals culminating in the resignation of President Richard Nixon in August 1974.
On This Date In 1983 “Superman III”, a 1983 superhero film, and the third of five films in the Superman film series produced from 1978 to 2006 based upon the long-running DC Comics superhero, was released. It starred Christopher Reeve, Jackie Cooper, Marc McClure and Margot Kidder, along with Annette O'Toole, Annie Ross, Pamela Stephenson, Robert Vaughn and Richard Pryor.
On This Date In 1992 The signing of the first partnerships between manufacturers and the US EPA to implement the Energy Star Program took place. Energy Star is an international standard for energy efficient consumer products first created as a United States government program by the Clinton Administration in 1992.
On This Date In 1993 Through June 20, the 1993 United States Open Golf Championship, the 93rd U.S. Open, was won by Lee Janzen, his first major championship, by two strokes over Payne Stewart.
On This Date In 1997 “Dude Ranch”, the second studio album by American pop punk band Blink-182, was released. Recorded at Big Fish Studios in Encinitas, California with producer Mark Trombino, the album was first released in the United States on independent label Cargo Music.
On This Date In 1999 The 1999 United States Open Championship, the 99th U.S. Open, held June 17-20, was won by Payne Stewart. It was his second U..S. Open and third major championship, defeating Phil Mickelson by one stroke. Stewart would not get a chance to defend his title in 2000 as he died little more than four months later, in a plane crash.
On This Date In 2001 “Origin of Symmetry”, the second studio album by English alternative rock band Muse, was released by Mushroom Records.
On This Date In 2004 Retief Goosen claimed his second US Open title at the 104th United States Open Championship, besting Phil Mickelson by two strokes.
On This Date In 2008 “7Things”, a song by American pop singer Miley Cyrus, and the first single from her second studio album, Breakout, was released.
On This Date In 2008 “Viva la Vida or Death and All His Friends”, the fourth studio album by English alternative rock band Coldplay, was released. “Viva la Vida” is the band's first song to reach number one in the United States and the United Kingdom.
On This Date In 2008 Cyd Charisse (March 8, 1922 - June 17, 2008), an American actress and dancer, died. She was admitted to Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, California, on June 16, 2008 after suffering an apparent heart attack. She died the following day, aged 86.
On This Date In 2009 Defeated Iranian presidential candidate Mohsen Rezaei wrote to Interior Minister Sadeq Mahsouli demanding the release of detailed election results, objecting to the delay in releasing the exact number of votes and a detailed and comprehensive result of each and every ballot box. Also, a peaceful, nearly silent rally by supporters of failed presidential candidate Mir-Hossein Mousavi had begun at Tehran's Hafte Tir Square. Not all peaceful in Iran, after an implausible landslide win by incumbent president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, hundreds of thousands of Iranians took to the streets – more here:
In New York, USA, demonstrators rallied outside the United Nations to protest the election in Iran, and in support of Mousavi.
On This Date In 2010 BP Chief Executive Tony Hayward disavowed direct responsibility for the Gulf Oil Spill in testimony before the US Congress. “I was not involved…”
On This Date In 2010 Former Illinois Finance Authority Chief Ali Ata, a Tony Rezko associate, testified he got his post in exchange for a $25,000 Contribution to former Gov. Rod Blagojevich. Also, Joseph Cari, Former Democratic National Fund-raiser, testified to a shakedown by Rod Blagojevich. More:

Happy Birthday James Shigeta (1933), Newt Gingrich (1943), Barry Manilow (1943), Bill Rafferty (1944), Tommy Franks (1945), Art Bell (1945), Marcy Kaptur (1946), Joe Piscopo (1951), Kelly Lee Curtis (1956), Kurt Petersen (1957), Thomas Haden Church (1960), Greg Kinnear (1963), Jason Patric (1966), Eric Stefani (1967), Laura Wright (1970), Will Forte (1970), Scott Adkins (1976), Venus Williams (1980), Will Allen (1982), and Lee Ryan (1983).

RIP John Wesley (1703 – 1791), Igor Stravinsky (1882 – 1971), Heinz Guderian (1888 – 1954), Ralph Bellamy (1904 – 1991), and Beryl Reid (1919 – 1996).


Fear less, hope more; Eat less, chew more; Whine less, breathe more; Talk less, say more; Love more, and all good things will be yours. Swedish Proverb

God allows us to experience the low points of life in order to teach us lessons we could not learn in any other way. The way we learn those lessons is not to deny the feelings but to find the meanings underlying them. Stanley Lindquist

This is what you shall do: love the earth and sun, and animals, despise riches, give alms to every one that asks, stand up for the stupid and crazy, devote your income and labor to others, hate tyrants, argue not concerning God, have patience and indulgence towards the people, take off your hat to nothing known or unknown, or to any man or number of men; go freely with the powerful uneducated persons, and with the young, and mothers, of families: read these leaves in the open air every season of every year of your life: re-examine all you have been told at school or church, or in any books, and dismiss whatever insults your soul. Walt Whitman

Courtesy YouTube et al:

Residents of the Fukushima district, and those who lived near-by have not only faced radiation exposure but also social exclusion... That's according to Dr. Robert Jacobs, Professor of nuclear history, at the Hiroshima Peace Institute.
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For those who miss the event, here is the LIVE streaming feed straight from the lenses broadcasting live at Dubai. The longest Lunar Eclipse in 100 years that lasts a 100 mins from 12:52 AM to 2:38 AM and won't be seen again till the year 2141.

"From the Pyramids to the Digital Age" is the first episode in the "Challenging Reality" series written and presented by futurist Christopher Barnatt. The programme explores the history and future of great human achievements, including the pyramids, moonlandings, genetic engineering and nanotechnology. …

Challenges, acceptance, moving forward – may your days be an adventure to unfold, reveal, and enjoy!

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