Friday, June 3, 2011

Friday! History, Remembrance, Quotes, and More!

On This Date In 1755 The Battle of Fort Beauséjour marked the opening of a British offensive in the French and Indian War (the North American theater of the Seven Years' War), and was fought June 3 - June 16.
On This Date In 1780 The reviled former royal governor of Massachusetts, Thomas Hutchinson, who served from 1771 to 1774, died in Brompton, England.
On This Date In 1808 Jefferson Davis (June 3, 1808 - December 6, 1889), an American statesman and leader of the Confederacy during the American Civil War, who served as President for its entire history, was born.
On This Date In 1850 The Nashville Convention was a political meeting held in Nashville, Tennessee, on June 3 - 11, 1850. Delegates from nine slave holding states met to consider a possible course of action if the United States Congress decided to ban slavery in the new territories being added to the country as a result of Westward Expansion and the Mexican-American War. The compromises worked out in Nashville paved the way for the Compromise of 1850, and for a time, averted the dissolution of the United States.
On This Date In 1861 The Battle of Philippi, also called The Philippi Races, was fought in and around Philippi, Virginia (now West Virginia) as part of the Western Virginia Campaign of the American Civil War. It was the first organized land action in the war.
On This Date In 1861 Steven Douglas, an American politician from the western state of Illinois, and the Northern Democratic Party nominee for President in 1860, died in Chicago from typhoid fever. He was buried on the shore of Lake Michigan. The site was afterwards bought by the state, and an imposing monument with a statue by Leonard Volk now stands over his grave.
On This Date In 1864 Union General Ulysses S. Grant made what he later recognized to be his greatest mistake by ordering a frontal assault on entrenched Confederates at Cold Harbor, Virginia. The result was some 7,000 Union casualties in less than an hour of fighting.
On This Date In 1880 Alexander Graham Bell transmitted the first wireless telephone message on his newly invented photophone from the top of the Franklin School in Washington, D.C.
On This Date In 1881 ”The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government”, a book by Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War, and written after his return from England in 1879, was published. The book did not make much money during Davis's lifetime, but it provided for his widow after his death. He wrote the book in defense of his fellow Southerners, the people and the government of the Confederate States.
On This Date In 1916 President Woodrow Wilson signed into law the National Defense Act, which expanded the size and scope of the National Guard - the network of states' militias that had been developing steadily since colonial times - and guaranteed its status as the nation's permanent reserve force.
On This Date In 1926 Irwin Allen Ginsberg (June 3, 1926 - April 5, 1997) was born into a Jewish family in Newark, New Jersey, and grew up in nearby Paterson. An American poet, Ginsberg is best known for the poem "Howl" (1956), in which he celebrates fellow members of the Beat Generation and critiques what he saw as the destructive forces of materialism and conformity in the United States.
On This Date In 1937 The Sporting News reported catcher Josh Gibson of the Negro League’s Homestead Grays hit a ball two feet from the top of the facade of Yankee Stadium, 580 feet from home plate.
On This Date In 1941 The Razing of or the Holocaust of Kandanos refers to the complete destruction of the village of Kandanos in Greece and the execution of several of its inhabitants on June 3, 1941 by German occupying forces during World War II. It was ordered by Generaloberst Kurt Student in reprisal for the participation of the local population in the Battle of Crete that had held advancing German soldiers for two days and constituted one of the most atrocious war crimes committed during the occupation of Crete by Axis forces in World War II.
On This Date In 1944 The United States Maritime Commission launched the SS Harriet Tubman, named after Harriet Tubman, African-American freedom fighter during the American Civil War. It was the  first Liberty ship ever named for a black woman.
On This Date In 1953 Alexander Cartwright was officially credited by the United States Congress with inventing the modern game of Baseball.
On This Date In 1955 ”The Seven Year Itch”, a 1955 film based on a three-act play by George Axelrod, co-written and directed by Billy Wilder, and starring Marilyn Monroe and Tom Ewell, was released.
On This Date In 1957 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled chemical company E. I. Du Pont de Nemours & Co. must give up its large stock interest in the Detroit-based automobile company General Motors on the grounds that it constituted a monopoly.
On This Date In 1962 An Air France charter flight from Paris to Atlanta crashed on takeoff from France’s Orly Field. The crash, at the time the worst in aviation history, killed 130 people, 106 of them Atlanta arts patrons returning home from a tour of European capitals. Two flight attendants sitting in the rear of the Boeing 707 survived.
On This Date In 1963 Pope John XXIII died of peritonitis due to a perforated stomach cancer at the age of 81. He was buried on 6 June, ending a reign of four years, seven months. On December 3, 1963, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson posthumously awarded him the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
On This Date In 1972 ”Obscured by Clouds”, a rock album by Pink Floyd based on their soundtrack for the French film “La Vallée” by Barbet Schroeder, was released.
On This Date In 1985 Larry Bird won his second straight League MVP. He would go on to win his third as well.
On This Date In 2001 Mel Brooks’ popular comedy “The Producers” won a record 12 Tony Awards.
On This Date In 1965 Astronaut Edward White became the first American to walk in space.
On This Date In 1937 American divorce Wallis Simpson married the Duke of Windsor. The former King Edward VIII had given up crown and country to wed her.
On This Date In 1940 The German air force bombed Paris, killing 254 people, most of them civilians.
On This Date In 1989 With protests for democratic reforms entering their seventh week, the Chinese government authorized its soldiers and tanks to reclaim Beijing's Tiananmen Square at all costs.
On This Date In 1989 In a freak and tragic accident, a natural-gas pipeline exploded in Russia's Ural Mountains just as two trains pass it, killing over 500 people, and injuring and burning scores more.
On This Date In 1990 President George Bush and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev ended their three-day summit meeting with warm words of friendship, but without any concrete agreement concerning German reunification.
On This Date In 1997 ”Blood-Rooted”, an album by Sepultura, which was a collection of unreleased tracks, b-sides, remixes, and live recordings, was released.
On This Date In 1998 The Eschede train disaster, the world's deadliest high-speed train accident, occurred near the village of Eschede in the Celle district of Lower Saxony, Germany. The toll of 101 dead and 88 injured surpassed the 1971 Dahlerau train disaster as the deadliest accident in the history of the Federal Republic of Germany. It was caused by a single fatigue crack in one wheel which, when it finally failed, caused the train to derail at a switch.
On This Date In 2002 Lew Wasserman, an agent and studio executive who was arguably the most influential mogul in Hollywood for some 40 years after World War II, died at the age of 89.
On This Date In 2004 ”The Chronicles of Riddick”, a 2004 American science fiction / fantasy / thriller film directed by David Twohy, and starring Vin Diesel (who also co-producer), was released.
On This Date In 2008 Dole Food Company, Inc. was named one of the World's Most Ethical Companies for a second year in a row by Ethisphere Magazine, a national publication.
On This Date In 2009 Cuba was readmitted into the Organization of American States after a 47-year suspension.
On This Date In 2009 John Arthur "David" Carradine (December 8, 1936 - June 3, 2009), an American actor best known for his work in the 1970s television series Kung Fu and more recently in the Kill Bill films, died.
On This Date In 2009 Koko Taylor (September 28, 1928 - June 3, 2009), an American blues musician, popularly known as the "Queen of the Blues", died.
On This Date In 2009 Opening a mission to write a new chapter on Islam and the West, President Barack Obama visited Saudi Arabia ahead of his Cairo speech.
On This Date In 2010 The 2010 Dhaka fire was a fire in the city of Dhaka, Bangladesh that killed at least 117 people. The fire occurred at the Nimtali area of Old Dhaka. The fire was started when an electrical transformer exploded.
On This Date In 2010 The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) released a computer model suggesting ocean currents would carry the BP oil spill out to the Atlantic Ocean.
On This Date In 2010 Coast Guard Adm. Thad Allen said BP had successfully sliced off a pipe in an effort to contain the Gulf oil spill.
On This Date In 2010 Rue McClanahan, an actress known for her roles as Vivian Cavender Harmon on Maude, Fran Crowley on Mama’s Family, and Blanche Devereaux on The Golden Girls, passed away from a stroke at the age of 76.

Happy Birthday Torsten N. Wiesel (1924), Deniece Williams (1950), Suzi Quatro (1950), Susannah Constantine (1962), Anderson Cooper (1967), Saffron (1968), John Hodgman (1971), Miriama Smith (1976), Tye Hill (1982), Michelle Keegan (1987), and Katie Hoff (1989).

RIP Jefferson Davis (1808 – 1889), Charles Drew (1904 – 1950), Josephine Baker (1906 – 1975), Paulette Goddard (1910 – 1990), Roy Glenn (1914 – 1971), Leo Gorcey (1917 – 1969), Colleen Dewhurst (1924 – 1991), Jay Van Andel (1924 – 2004), Tony Curtis (1925 – 2010), Allen Ginsberg (1926 – 1997), Curtis Mayfield (1942 – 1999), and Billy Powell (1952 – 2009).


You can climb a mountain or jump out of a plane but can never tame a hurricane or tornado - that's for sure. It's one of the last frontiers that no one will ever conquer. Roger Hill

The most important of life's battles is the one we fight daily in the silent chambers of the soul. David McKay

Beauty is mysterious as well as terrible. God and devil are fighting there, and the battlefield is the heart of man. Fyodor Dostoevsky

How few there are who have courage enough to own their faults, or resolution enough to mend them. Benjamin Franklin

Thus conscience does make cowards of us all; And thus the native hue of resolution Is sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought, And enterprises of great pith and moment With this regard their currents turn awry, And lose the name of action. William Shakespeare 

Courtesy YouTube et al:

STS-134 came to a conclusion with the landing early Wednesday morning of orbiter Endeavour at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Commander Mark Kelly and his crew, Pilot Greg Johnson, Mission Specialists Mike Fincke, Drew Feustel, Greg Chamitoff and European Space Agency astronaut Roberto Vittori of Italy, spent 16 days in space, 11 of them docked to the International Space Station, on Endeavour's final of 25 missions.

Volunteers turned out in big numbers in Joplin, Missouri on Memorial Day, helping to clear debris and aid the area's tornado victims. State officials say the death toll is approximately 140, with 29 people still unaccounted for.

Tornado tracks from West Springfield across North End Bridge & Memorial Bridge into downtown Springfield. Water siphoned up and mixes with debris. Western Massachusetts hit by 3 tornadoes June 1st, 2011

And as we go forward, reflect and focus:

One reason so few of us achieve what we truly want is that we never direct our focus; we never concentrate our power. Most people dabble their way through life, never deciding to master anything in particular. Anthony Robbins

Great weekend all!

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